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Eyelid inflammation (blepharitis)

Eyelid inflammation (blepharitis)

What is eyelid inflammation?

Your eyelids are a layer of skin that covers your eyes and protects against debris and injury. Your eyelids are also lashes with short, curly hair at the edges of the lids. They contain oil glands. These oil glands sometimes become clogged or irritated, which can trigger some eyelid disorders. One of these conditions is known as eyelid inflammation or blepharitis.

Causes of eyelid inflammation

The exact cause of eyelid inflammation cannot always be determined, but various factors can increase your risk of blepharitis. For example, if you also have dry scalp or eyebrows, you may be at higher risk. You may also have an allergic reaction to eyelid inflammation, make-up or other cosmetic products.

These are not the only possible reasons. Other causes or risk factors for eyelid inflammation include:

Small eyebrows or lice
Bacterial infections
Medication side effects
Oil failure
Types of eyelid inflammation
There are two types of eyelid inflammation:

Back inflammation of the eye occurs on the outer part of your eye where your eyelashes are located. Dryness of your eyebrows and allergic reactions in your eyes can cause inflammation of the back eyelids.
Inflammation of the eyelid occurs on the inner edge of the eyelid near your eye. A flare-up of oil behind your eyelid usually causes this type of inflammation.

Symptoms of eyelid inflammation

Eyelid inflammation is usually noticeable because it can irritate your eyes and potentially affect your vision. Symptoms of inflammation include:

Itchy eyelids
Swollen eyelids
Red or swollen eyelids
Burning sensation in the eyes
Oil eyelids
The feeling of having something in your eyes
Red eyes
Eyes closed
A layer on your eyelashes or in the corners of your eyes
Sensitivity to light
These symptoms can also indicate a serious eye infection. You should consider these symptoms as an emergency and see your doctor right away.

Diagnosis of eyelid inflammation

Your family doctor, internist or ophthalmologist may diagnose eyelid inflammation. In some cases, a physical examination of your eye is enough to diagnose the condition. Your doctor may also examine your eyelids closely using a special magnifying tool. This eye examination tests your eyes for inflammation as well as the presence of bacteria, fungi or viruses, which can indicate an infection.

If there are signs of infection, your doctor will sweep your eye and take a sample of any fluid that flows from your eyes. The sample is then examined under a microscope.

Treatment of eyelid inflammation

Washing your eyes and applying warm compresses can reduce swelling. Depending on the severity of the inflammation and whether your inflammation is due to an infection, your doctor may recommend other treatments.

Steroid treatment

If you do not have an infection, your doctor may prescribe steroids, eye drops or ointments to reduce the swelling. Your doctor may also prescribe lubricating eye drops to prevent irritation caused by dry eyes.

Antibiotics

A course of antibiotics can effectively treat eyelid infections. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics in pill, ointment, or liquid form. When the infection spreads beyond the eyelid, doctors often prescribe drops.

Possible complications of eyelid inflammation

Eyelash damage is a possible complication of eyelid inflammation. This is due to the staining of the hair follicles, which can cause your frizz to grow incorrectly. Extensive staining can also stop the growth of eyebrows.

Common short-term complications of eyelid inflammation include dry eyes and pink eyes. There may be long-term complications.

Blisters on the eyelids
Styling (an infected lump that appears based on your eyelashes)
Chronic pink eye
The oil glands on your eyelids can also become infected and blocked. This can cause an infection under your eyelids. Untreated eye infections can cause permanent eye damage and vision loss. Bleeding under the eyelids can scratch the delicate surface of the eye. It can also cause ulcers on your cornea, which is the clear, protective outer layer of your eye.

Prevention of eyelid inflammation

Inflammation of the eyelids can be painful, painful and irritating. Unfortunately, this condition is not always preventable, but you can take steps to reduce the risk of inflammation.

Make sure you wash your face regularly. This includes removing your eye and facial makeup before bed. Do not touch your eyes with dirty hands and do not rub itchy eyelids. Rubbing your eyes can spread the existing infection. Also, check your eyelids if you feel pain, redness, or swelling. Overcoming dryness also helps reduce inflammation. Talk to your doctor if you have severe dryness. You may need a prescription shampoo.

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